بررسی بدگمانی کارکنان، خودباوری و سایش اجتماعی

This study is aimed to examine the relationship between employees’ optimism
with their self-belief and social undermining at Islamic Azad Universities of
Kerman Province. Sample of the study consisted of the whole employees of
Islamic Azad Universities of Kerman Province (N=1135). To determine the
sample size, 290 people were chosen using Cochran’s formulae. Results indicated
that there is reverse relationship between employees’ optimism (and positive
expectation component) and their social undermining, yet no relationship between
the employees’ selective attention and their social undermining. And, there is
reverse relationship between employees’ self-belief (and self-esteem component)
and their social undermining, yet no relationship between the employees’ personal
efficiency and social undermining. Finally, there is relationship between the
employees’ optimism and their self-belief (as well as self-esteem and personal
efficiency). General conclusion shows that social undermining is recently
increasing as the most widespread behavioral disorder. Optimism and self-belief
are factors enabling the individual to effectively interact and communicate and
reduce his social undermining. On the other hand, these two characteristics lead to
positive employees’ behaviors which can improve his abilities.

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