The concept of organizational learning has expanded greatly over the last few years, both in the field of research and among practitioners.The importance and usefulness of organizational learning as a concept in the study of organizations have been established by a large body of research. So, it is needed to identify the factors to influence on it. Studies show that social capital is a main one. The social capital has been used to describe not only the benefits of social relationships, but also the norms and cultural values inherent therein.Some studies found social capital could effect on organizational learning.Social capital can enhance the acquisition of knowledge and organizational learning. The field of social capital and organizational learning in organizations still needs a consistent and coordinated research effort in each of the mentioned areas in order to move beyond structure and metaphor.Future research could furnish further guidance for the theory and practice of public service improvement by analyzing the linkages between the different dimensions of social capital and alternative organizational characteristics, such as, learning.