معنویت در محیط کار و عملکرد

Scholars report a steady increase of interest in spirituality at work issues among management researchers and practitioners. Although the concept of spirituality in the workplace has increasingly gained popularity in the past few years nevertheless, this literature review recognizes that the term spirituality means different things to many people. Spirituality defines as expressing our desires to find meaning and purpose in our lives and is a process of living out one’s set of deeply held personal values. Workplace spirituality involves the effort to find one’s ultimate purpose in life, to develop a strong connection to coworkers and other people associated with work, and to have consistency or alignment between one’s core beliefs and values of their organization. The spirituality at work field by integrating three different perspectives on how spirituality enables or leads to organizational performance: Human resources perspective: Spirituality enhances employee well-being and quality of life; Philosophical perspective: Spirituality provides employees a sense of purpose and meaning at work; Interpersonal perspective: Spirituality provides employees a sense of inter-connectedness and community. Indeed, it has been suggested that organizations that encourage spirituality experiences improved their organizational performance and profitability.

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