عوامل روانی اجتماعی کار ....

Individuals’ perceptions of their work experiences are important, but what it should be considered the core
of the concept “psychosocial,” the internal social relations in the organization, and external social relations,
deserve more attention. Psychosocial work environment is the result of an interaction between the work
organization and the individual. It is those factors that are determined by work content, its organization and
the social relationships at the workplace. Generally, there are five psychosocial factors within
organizations: job satisfaction, intensified workload, monotonous work, job control, and social support.
There are growing evidences that psychosocial work factors may have positive and negative aspects on
workplace. Negative psychosocial factors have many disadvantages, such as promoting workplace stress
and burnout; and positive psychosocial factors have many benefits, such as promoting performance and
profit. Positive psychosocial factors are suggested as important factors in employee well-being; reducing
the negative factors may improve the depression, anxiety and stress in employees. Therefore, managerial
procedures and treatment of employees in organization should be taken into account at workplaces while
planning and implementing measures aiming at promoting employee health and well-being.

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